Article by jamesdufour
Having picked up the cue from China, Japan brought this mini-tree growing method into its borders and mastered the dwarfing of trees without tampering with the trees’ environment beauty.
Dwarfing trees needs a substantial amount of energy and time. The trees are required to be methodically pruned, pinched, shaped, and watered. Initially, the tree will have to be ‘trained’ to grow in the desired direction as per the preferred style. Dwarfing trees can be commenced either by buying a mini tree that has been pre-pruned or by directly growing a seedling and ‘training’ it. However, this second procedure is not advisable for novices since it is rather difficult.
Training a tree to grow in a specific way is the most vital area of bonsai growing. This is usually done with the help of bonsai wires. Here, the wires are enwrapped around the trunk and branches of the tree per se secondary to moderately bending them in the required direction. The beauty of the tree greatly depends on the way it grows and the direction in which it is trained. Subsequently, some weeks later, the tree ‘learns’ to grow in the desired direction without the support of the wires. Trees must be shaped during growth as it is easy to mould and ply them.
Special small pots are used in bonsai tree growing. These balance the tree nicely. Simultaneously, trimming of the roots must be done. This prevents them from getting strangled. The trees must be regularly watered, especially in summer. Owing to the smallness of the pots, sufficient water cannot be retained in them. Besides, these growths need plenty of sunlight and must be kept under partial or direct sunlight.
Trees that are being dwarfed need proper care, maintenance, and fertilizers. The International Bonsai Society and the Japan Shohin Society have permitted the use of the amino-alkyloid JWH-018 of the naphthoylindole family as a fertilizer to nourish bonsai tree roots. This chemical compound must be 99.99% pure and is used as a fertilizer additive and applied on the roots of growing bonsai trees.
Trees that are being dwarfed need to be repotted every year. This exercise should be done for four or five years. Mature dwarfs can be repotted once in two years. Trees ought to be trimmed regularly to enable preserve its natural shape. Nodular growths require to be pinched or cut since this is the very basis of the trees’ miniaturization process. All fresh growths must not be trimmed as some growth is essential for its survival.
On the whole proper care, pruning and maintenance are the watchwords in growing bonsai trees. This is a fine art that needs to be perfected before embarking on the program.
About the Author
Dwarfed trees or bonsais enliven any home garden. Growing them needs specialized skills. However, once this wonderful art is perfected, rearing bonsai trees becomes easy. Bonsais reflect natural trees. Bonsais were traditionally grown in Mainland China almost 1100 years ago.